HomeMerida Initiative

Merida Initiative

INICIATIVA MÉRIDA / 1 NOV 2010 POR INSIGHT CRIME ES

The "Mérida Initiative" is a multi-billion dollar effort by the United States government to assist Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean in their fight against drug trafficking organizations. Proposed under President Bush and implemented under President Obama, the program has provided close to $1.8 billion in assistance to the region to date. About $1.5 billion has gone to Mexico, $300 million to Central America and $40 million to the Caribbean.

In some ways, the initiative mirrors U.S. efforts to aid Colombia through what became known as "Plan Colombia". The money for the Isthmus region and Caribbean basin goes mostly for equipment and military hardware, and police and judicial training to deal with the increasingly violent and sophisticated drug trafficking organizations (DTOs). These DTOs frequently have better weapons and intelligence gathering equipment than their counterparts in the state and undermine law enforcement efforts by corrupting vast sections of the regional governments.

However, critics, which include the U.S. Government Accounting Office (GAO), have said the initiative’s money has been slow to arrive and represents a small portion of what is needed. This is particularly true of Central American nations, which do not have the resources or training to face to the growing presence of largely Mexican DTOs in their territory.

The initiative has also come under attack by watchdog groups for its emphasis on the enforcement component of the strategy. Most of the aid has gone to the Mexican army and police who are fighting the DTOs. The Mexican army’s growing role in the battle in Mexico has come under particular scrutiny due to allegations of human rights abuses by that institution. But while allegations of abuses have risen, accountability has not followed. Human Rights groups say military courts have not prosecuted any member of the military for abuses.The Obama administration appears to be aware of these criticisms and concerns. In its proposal for FY2011 funding, which officials dubbed “Beyond Mérida,” the administration created a four-pillar strategy, which includes (1) disrupting the flow of drugs; (2) reforming the judicial system in Mexico; (3) creating a “21st Century border”; and (4) strengthening communities. Of the $310 million that would go to Mexico, $175 million would go toward justice reform. The proposal needs the approval of congress, which is likely to include a similarly large package of aid outside the auspices of Mérida to border protection.Resources

compartir icon icon icon

¿Este contenido fue útil?

Queremos seguir robusteciendo la base de datos más extensa sobre crimen organizado de América Latina, pero para eso necesitamos recursos.

DONAR

What are your thoughts? Click here to send InSight Crime your comments.

We encourage readers to copy and distribute our work for non-commercial purposes, with attribution to InSight Crime in the byline and links to the original at both the top and bottom of the article. Check the Creative Commons website for more details of how to share our work, and please send us an email if you use an article.

¿Este contenido fue útil?

Queremos seguir robusteciendo la base de datos más extensa sobre crimen organizado de América Latina, pero para eso necesitamos recursos.

DONAR

Contenido relacionado

DELITOS AMBIENTALES / 11 MAY 2022

La industria de productos agrícolas de México ha recibido otro golpe de la violencia de los carteles, dado que muchos…

CARTEL DE SINALOA / 9 AGO 2022

Ha habido poca claridad en torno al asesinato de un jefe de policía local en el norte de México, en…

CARTEL DE JALISCO / 25 ABR 2022

El municipio de Tepalcatepec, en el estado de Michoacán, al sur de México, ha sido durante mucho tiempo una de…

Sobre InSight Crime

LA ORGANIZACIÓN

Cubrimiento sobre Venezuela continúa llamando la atención

3 MAR 2023

Esta semana, Jeremy McDermott, codirector de InSight Crime, fue invitado al podcast Americas Quarterly, donde, como experto en la materia, habló de la dinámica cambiante del…

LA ORGANIZACIÓN

El Top 10 del crimen organizado en Venezuela atrae la atención

24 FEB 2023

La semana pasada, InSight Crime publicó el listado de los diez grupos del crimen organizado que dominan el hampa en Venezuela, publicación con la que se acompañó el lanzamiento del…

LA ORGANIZACIÓN

InSight Crime en el podcast de El País

10 FEB 2023

Esta semana, Jeremy McDermott, cofundador de InSight Crime, fue uno de los expertos invitados a un podcast de El País sobre los avances del naciente proceso de paz…

LA ORGANIZACIÓN

InSight Crime en entrevista con Associated Press

3 FEB 2023

Esta semana, el codirector de InSight Crime Jeremy McDermott fue entrevistado por Associated Press sobre la evolución de los acontecimientos en Haití en medio del colapso prolongado del…

LA ORGANIZACIÓN

Escapar de Barrio 18

27 ENE 2023

La semana pasada, InSight Crime publicó una investigación en la que se narra la historia de Desafío, un joven de 28 años que pertenece a la pandilla Barrio 18, pero…